Python (Wikipedia) is a general purpose programming language, one of the most famous PLs in the world, and definitely the lingua-franca of the data world (data science, machine learning, deep learning, etc.).
- PyPI: Python Package Index. The website that hosts publicly available Python packages
- Virtual environment: a CLI trickery to overcome Python's inability to isolate project-specific dependencies
Good syntax and basic data types overview available in lxiym/python
venv: it's a Python built-in module, a subset of
virtualenv(another Python module, available on PyPi)